This is a chronic inflammatory process which affects the small intestine. It mainly affects the last segment of the small intestine called the terminal ilium. However any part of the gastrointestinal tract can be involved.
A symptom complex can involve : diarrhea with or without pain, generalized abdominal pain along with weight loss. This is an extremely debilitating disease process. Many patients suffer from alternative or accessory organ inflammatory issues involving the kidneys in developing stone formation TO arthritis.
This chronic inflammation leads patients to suffer from continual intestinal fistula formation. Scarring can lead to bowel obstructions requiring the patient to present to the emergency room for a surgical bowel resection. Often times such patients have large resections of their small intestine that can develop post operative infections along with nutritional deficiencies.